how to use photoshop to create passport photos

Photoshop is a raster graphics editor, developed and published by “Adobe photoshop Systems” for “macOS” and “Windows”.Photoshop was created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll. Since then, it has become the de facto industry standard in raster graphics editing, to the point that Photoshop has become a generic trademarkleading to its use as a verb such as “to Photoshop an image,” “photoshopping” and “photoshop contest“, though Adobe discourages such use.

 It can edit and compose raster images in multiple layers and supports masks, alpha compositing and several color models including RGBCMYKCIELABspot color and duotone. Photoshop has vast support for graphic file formats, but also uses its own PSD and PSB file formats which support all the fore mentioned features.

In addition to raster graphics, it has limited abilities to edit or render text, vector graphics (especially through clipping path), 3D graphics and video. Photoshop’s feature set can be expanded by Photoshop plug-ins, programs developed and distributed independently of Photoshop that can run inside it and offer new or enhanced features.

Requirements for Passport Photos:-
Have you ever needed an ID photo but didn’t want to spend money to go to the studio? Well, you can take your own picture at home and edit it to make a 1″x1″ ID photo. however , all you need is a digital camera and a computer with Adobe Photoshop or some other photo-editing software installed.

If you’re taking the picture yourself, you’ll also need a tripod or a tabletop. Here’s how to do it . For those who already have an old digital photo that you want to use, you may proceed . But for those who don’t, let’s begin by taking a shot.Find a suitable place in your house.

Lighting condition:-
There should be enough light in the room, be it sunlight or fluorescent light. If harsh sunlight streams into the room, you might want to draw thin curtains to soften the light. Try to even out the light in the room by placing light sources (lamps, if you have them) in all corners.
Find a room with a plain wall for your background. This will make editing the photo easier later on. Don’t worry if it’s not the right color (some ID’s require a specific color for the background, like blue for instance), you can always change it using Adobe Photoshop later on. If your house has printed wallpaper, find the least cluttered design to simplify editing.

Position of your self:-
Position yourself in a comfortable position in front of the camera (placed on a tripod or tabletop). If there is nobody to take your picture for you, use the camera’s timer feature to take the shot. Experiment with different camera settings until you find the best output. For example, take one with the flash and another without the flash. Use the auto feature and then try the manual settings. The more pictures you take, the better the chances you’ll find one that you’ll really like.Taking a Passport Photo .

Here are few feature for taking photo:-
1.Front view, full face, open eyes, closed mouth, and natural expression.
2.Full head from top of hair to shoulders Wear normal street attire.
3.The head should be straight.
4.Plain white or off-white background.
5.No shadows on face or in background.
6.No sunglasses; no hat or head covering unless worn daily for religious reasons.
7.Normal contrast and lighting.
8.Photo must be in color.
9.Photo must be no older than 6 months.

Getting Started:-
In the Freedman Center, open the D-Storage folder on the desktop and create a new folder named after your Case network ID.On the Desktop, open the Adobe folder and then open Adobe Photoshop CC 2015 Import your image into Photoshop by going to File > Open and then selecting your file from a flash drive or camera.


Editing the photo:-

Upload all the shots to your computer and find the best one. Once you have selected the photo that you want to use, right click on the thumbnail and select Edit with Photoshop (or you can use whatever photo editing software you have, but I will be using Photoshop for this purpose). Create a copy of the photo by going to Select > All, then Edit > Copy.

Open a new document and click on Edit > Paste. You now have a copy of the original photo. Close the window of  original photo.Depending on  shot that you have taken, you may want to do several things. You may want to adjust the exposure if the picture turned out too light or too dark. You may want to even out the shadows and highlights.
Photo editing stages:-
Photo used with model’s permission.The first picture is the original photo. Notice that the lighting is uneven. There was a window to the left of the subject and there were no lamps to put on the other side to even out the lighting. The subject could’ve been positioned facing the window, but the background would’ve been a closet with painted designs; a plain background was needed to make editing easier. So first, the level of shadow/highlight of the photo had to be “fixed”.

Balancing Shadows & Highlights.To balance out the exposure of the dark areas (shadows) and the light areas (highlights), I used the Shadow/Highlight feature of Adobe Photoshop. You can find it by clicking Edit > Adjustments > Shadow/Highlight. The default values load when you select this feature. Adjust the values until you get the correction that you need.
Cropping the Image:-
I needed to crop the picture into a square shape. So I used the Crop feature which by default can be found in the toolbar on the left side of your working space. To maintain a fixed ratio of 1:1 (i.e. the height and width are the same), I held down the Shift key while clicking and dragging over the portion of the photo that I wanted to use.Removing the background.If you’re lucky enough to have a wall the color of the background you need, then you can proceed to the next step.

when background is yellow & blue is needed so i remove yellow. I did this using two methods:-First, I used the magnetic lasso tool in Adobe Photoshop to select the parts that I want to remove. Then, for the areas where the color of the foreground and background were too much alike to use the magnetic lasso with, I manually erased around the edges using the Eraser tool. Both the magnetic lasso and Eraser can be found in the toolbar on the left side of the work space.I cleaned up the jagged edges left by the magnetic lasso tool.

I zoomed in really close and used the Eraser tool to smoothen out the edges pixel by pixel. This may take time, but it will greatly contribute to a more professionally-done-looking photo.adding a new Color Background.Now that we have removed the original background, we are ready to add a new one.

First, create a new layer by clicking Layer > New > Layer. On layers tab on the lower right corner of your work space, click & drag  new layer so that it is under  layer of your photo. Go to Edit > Fill and select the color you want for your background. In my case, I needed blue.

Select the crop tool:-
With the crop tool selected, view the crop bar option at the top. In the drop down options, select 1×1 (Square).
Click and drag crop selector ,so that it includes your shoulders and ends just  top of your hair. Once cropped area appears click & drag  corners to adjust  size of  area or click & drag anywhere inside cropped area to move it.

when image is crop in size of 1×1 image then top of image there is option of changing of size.
Make your image 2×2 and click the check mark at the end of the bar to increase your image size.
Once processed in Photoshop the image should adhere to the following standards:

  • The photo must measure 2 in x 2 in.
  • Measured from  bottom of  chin , top of  hair, should be between 1 to 1-3/8 inches.
  • The head should be in centre .
  • Head should take up about 50% of photo.

Making sure the image is the right size:-
Select Image > Image size.Make sure you image is at 2×2 inches and at a resolution of 300.
Creating a 4×6 with multiple passport photos:-
Press CTRL+A to select all of the image and press CTRL+C to copy the image.
Click Image > Canvas Size.Adjust the Canvas Size to 6in width by 4in height to print on 4x6photo paper. Then click ,on the red block below to shift the first photo.
Click Ok.
Press CTRL+V, to paste the copy of the photo.
By using the move tool, move the picture around to make it fit.

How to use layers:-
Adding Gradient Effect to your background ,so that it’s lighter in some areas & darker in some. In example, I used  radial gradient – center circle is lightest getting darker as it reaches  edges of background. Watch the video below for a demonstration on how to create gradients.
How to create a gradient:-
Resizing.Lastly, you need to resize the image to the size that you need. Go to Image > Image Size and specify the height and width in inches (1″x1″ or 2″x2″ depending on the size that you need), and change the resolution to 300 pixels per inch to ensure that your photo is printed in high resolution.

How to resize an image:-
You now have an ID picture. Just take it to your nearest photo printing lab and they’ll print it right out in seconds. It’s much less expensive than going to photo studio &  picture taken professionally, but it’s just as good.
Saving your image:-
Save the image to your newly created folder as a .JPEG.
1.If you plan on uploading  photo, for Visa application adjust quality so that  photo is less than 240 KB.
2.If you plan to print out the photo ,for a passport picture, save it as .JPEG quality 12.

3.The printing of photo will be on thin quality paper.

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